Samudaya – the cause or origin of suffering – craving, desire, attachment
Saṅkhāra-Dukkha – a basic unsatisfactory nature pervading all existence; because all forms of life are changing and impermanent
Nirodha – cessation of suffering by eliminating desire
The life of a Bangkok buddhist is one of endless painful cycles of rebirth. A perpetual wandering and a religious striving to eliminate all sensual craving amongst ever-present profanity, desire and attachment. Once there is no resistance to being in hell, heaven opens up and samsara reveals its true nature as nirvana. On the streets there is stoic resistance, a shocking detachment, karma for sale and moments of tenderness. It’s alien. But at the same time there’s a human sense of recognition and understanding.